Reko Diq Gold Mine Is Gone Again?

Posted by Ahmed Quraishi on Nov 8th, 2010

Reko Diq Gold Mine Is Gone Again?

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 If So, For How Much And Whose Palms Were Greased?


Most Pakistanis missed a newspaper advertisement over the weekend that indicates that Pakistan’s elected rulers have no qualms conducting deals away from public scrutiny worth billions—even when there are public complaints about it.


AHMED QURAISHI and BILAL KHAN UMERZAI | Monday | 8 November 2010


ISLAMABAD, Pakistan—No one noticed when an international mining conglomerate placed a large advert in a Pakistani newspaper over the weekend seeking to recruit a slick operative to help in dealing with the federal Pakistani government for ‘a major project in the mining industry in Pakistan.’

The advertisement was placed by Tethyan Copper Company in Dawn newspaper yesterday, Sunday, Nov. 7. In explaining the new recruitment, the advert said, “[Tethyan], in partnership with Government of Balochistan, is developing a world-class copper-gold mine in Reko Diq, District Chagal of Balochistan.”

The ad sought to invite applicants for the position of Security & Government Affairs Officer based in Islamabad. As the title suggests, the successful candidate is expected to ensure security on the ground in Balochistan, and create and peddle influence to ensure no government department blocks company interests.

It makes sense the large advertisement did not appear in the other large newspaper of the country, The News International, which probably angered the foreign mining company five days ago when it ran an investigative story exposing a possible underhand deal to sell off the national asset in exchange for greasing the palms of a few greedy Pakistani politicians and bureaucrats.

The advertisement signifies one of two things: 

  1. Either the federal government and the provincial government of Balochistan have renewed Tethyan’s contract;
  2. Or Tethyan is now part of a new deal involving fresh entrants

In either case, the new recruitment indicates that Pakistan’s elected government is going ahead with plans to sell off the country’s wealth for peanuts or that it has already done so.  The problem is that this is being done without public scrutiny or debate, possibly involving commissions or bribes to ensure the companies get the most out of Pakistani assets with very little going to Pakistani government coffers.

If properly utilized, Reko Diq mines and other natural assets, including rare earths, can easily pull Pakistan out of debt and end foreign aid dependence. But this appears impossible under the country’s failed political system and rusting administrative rules requiring an overhaul.

Mining license for Reko Diq was first sold to foreign companies around 2006 under then President Musharraf and Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz. Reports suggested bribes and commissions ensured that Government of Pakistan get very little out of the deal while foreign companies pocket most of the discovered wealth.

There is not much credible public information available on the details of the license granted by the Musharraf-Aziz government. Online data bank is not a reliable source of information but this paragraph is posted on the site, referring to the 2006 deal:

“One of the world’s largest copper deposits (and its matrix-associated residual gold) have been found at Reko Diq in the Chagai District of Baluchistan. Reko Diq is a giant mining project in Chaghi. The main license (EL5) is held jointly by the Government of Baluchistan (25%), Antofagasta Minerals (37.5%) and Barrick Gold (37.5%). The deposits at Reko Diq are hoped to be even bigger than those of Sarcheshmeh in Iran and Escondida in Chile (presently, the second and the third largest proven deposits of copper in the world). BHP Billiton, the world’s largest copper mining company, began the project in cooperation with the Australian firm Tethyan, entering into a joint venture with the Balochistan government. The potential annual copper production has been estimated to be 900,000 to 2.2 million tons.”

Even if Wikipedia is sometimes unreliable, the above information checks out. Barrick Gold has confirmed it partially on its website.

All of this means that, circa 2006, the Musharraf-Aziz government sold the most lucrative natural asset of Pakistan cheap, way cheap than anything expected anywhere else in the world. The excuse was that Pakistani government didn’t have the skills to exploit this natural resource and so we might as well get something out of it than nothing.

A Pakistani citizen who did not reveal his name posted on the Internet explaining in simple terms what the Musharraf-Aziz government had done. He titled his post, ‘Congratulations—Pakistan is being sold out – Thank you Shaukat Aziz!’

Out of 100% of the mining project:

  • 37.5% share has been given to Antofagasta Minerals
  • 37.5% share has been given to Barrick Gold
  • Only a mere 25% share has been given to the provincial Government of Balochistan

But that was during the Musharraf ‘dictatorship’, as detractors refer to that era. The irony is that something very similar or possibly worse is happening under the democratic government of President Asif Zardari and Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gilani. The Zardari-Gilani government refuses to open the bidding process for Reko Diq mine to public scrutiny.

Five days after the front-page The News story, the federal Pakistani government is yet to utter a single word. There has not even been a denial of corruption allegations or a reassurance that Pakistani interest will be protected.

But what could prove a game spoiler for the little scheme hatched by the Pakistani government and its foreign partners is the judiciary. Following The News story, a Pakistani citizen has petitioned the Supreme Court of Pakistan to scrutinize the Reko Diq arrangements.


Reach Ahmed Quraishi at and Bilal Khan Umerzai at


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6 Responses for “Reko Diq Gold Mine Is Gone Again?”

  1. Zahida Akbar says:

    Just so sad and terrible that this is going on. People are dying of hunger and having to live in deprecating states whilst their rights and assets are being used to bribe and bargain with their enemies. Allah have mercy on the innocent…the evil ones wouldn’t be able to escape the bitter fruits of their bitter doings when God reckons with them. And that time does come upon all so there won’t be no running away or makar for them then.

  2. Blue says:

    Allah will save Pakistan. Let everybody raise their voice in whatever possible way they can and demand Suo Motto action by Supreme Court. The opposition should also raise it in parliament. The whole nation demands action to stop the deal ‘NOW’ and ‘Right Here’. The corrupt officals involved and their agents should be brought to justice straight away.
    Wake up people, wake up Opposition, wake up Judiciary, wake up army, wake up ISI, and last but not least wake up Government (Prime Minister and anyone who has any patriotism left) from your deepest slumber …

  3. Arif Aziz says:

    In deed Allah doesn’t change the state of a nation unless it changes it state on its own.
    Al Quran.

    It is wrong to be cruel but it is extremely wrong to bear the cruelty.

    Our beloved country-Pakistan has been getting plundred for decades by handful parasites of our society right in front of eyes of masses; I would rather say by using the masses. Can there be any bigger crime than allowing such heinous crime to happen to a nation? Why the whole nation is going through a state of intllectua stupor? Why are we playing at the hands of these Chaudaries, Khans, Sardars & Zardaris, Geelanis etc. etc. and allowing them to seal our fate?

    Why our Supreme Court, headed by the only remaining ray of hope, Chief Justice of Pakistan Ch. Iftikhar Hussain doesn’t take any sue-moto after knowing what is going on in Reko Diq?

    Is there any on else to rein these plunderers?

    Oh people of Pakistan! Wake Up, Wake up for Allah’s sake before it is too late.

    What to do & where to go? Oh Allah save our country. Now you are the only one who can help my country-Pakistan. Ya Allah save Pakistan.

    Arif Aziz

  4. Javed says:

    Dear Mr. Quraishi,
    You are a respected writer and one always thought you did your homework before writing anything. Your Reko Diq piece is as ill-informed as all the other unsubstantiated and unverified material that is currently appearing in the Pakistani media. Please look deeper and you will find that you have been misled.

    • Dear Mr. Javed,

      I have no qualms about admitting I’m wrong if information surfaces contradicting this and similar reports in the media.
      You seem to know something that I may not. Please share and I can assure you we’ll run it. Tthere’s no political agenda. If this report is incorrect and you can prove it, there’s nothing more that we want to hear than a confirmation that natural wealth is not being mismanaged. I hope President Zardari will not let this happen.

    • Adnan says:

      Dear Mr. Javed,

      We read and share information about the Reko Diq project, wherever we can find any data.
      You claimed that Mr. Quraishi’s reports were unsbstantiated and unverified. Kindly enlighten us with the grave truth about this project.
      We’re still waiting.

      Best regards

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